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Dolor de tobillo - Overview

Nombres alternativos

Dolor en los tobillos; Esguince de tobillo

Definición:

Consiste en cualquier molestia en uno o en ambos tobillos.

Causas:

El dolor en el tobillo frecuentemente se debe a un esguince en esta parte:

  • Un esguince es una lesión en los ligamentos que conectan los huesos entre sí.
  • En la mayoría de los casos, el tobillo se tuerce hacia adentro, causando pequeños desgarros en los ligamentos. Este desgarro ocasiona inflamación y hematomas, dificultando así el soporte de peso sobre la articulación.

Además de los esguinces en el tobillo, el dolor allí puede ser causado por:

Los problemas en áreas cerca del tobillo que pueden provocar que usted sienta dolor allí abarcan:

  • Bloqueo de los vasos sanguíneos en la pierna.
  • Dolor o lesiones en el talón.
  • Lesiones a nervios (como el síndrome del túnel carpiano o ciática).
  • Reviewed last on: 2/19/2011
  • Linda Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

Referencias

Koenig MD. Ligament injuries. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2009:section C.

Baer Gs, Keene JS. Tendon injuries of the foot and ankle. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2009:section D.

Brodsky JW, Bruck N. Stress fractures of the foot and ankle. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2009:section E.

Hirose CB, Clanton TO, Wood RM. Etiology of injury to the foot and ankle. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2009:section J.

Abu-Laban RV, Ho K. Ankle and foot. In: Marx JA, Hockberger Rs, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier;2009:chap 55.

Osborne MD. Chronic ankle instability. In: Frontera WR, Silver JK, eds. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2008:chap 77.

Price Md, Chiodo CP. Foot and ankle pain. In: Firestein GS, Budd RC, Harris ED Jr, et al, eds. Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2008:chap 43.

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